Field of research: Movement-emotion and movement-cognition interaction.
1) To uncover the neurophysiologic underpinnings and developmental progression of movement-emotion and movement cognition interaction in health and disease, by designing and conducting thoughtful hypotheses-driven behavioral and brain-imaging studies.
2) To translate this knowledge into clinical use by developing novel, motor-based diagnostic and intervention tools for treatment of various neurological and psychological disorders.
3) To provide the missing evidence-based research that will support and validate diagnostic and intervention tools used in dance-movement therapy, the Anat Baniel Method: Neuromovement, and other somatic therapies.
In accordance with these goals, I have two lines of research:
1) Theoretical or “basic” research, describing the behavioral results and uncovering the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying movement-cognition and movement-emotion interaction, in particular emotion recognition from movement and emotion elicitation and regulation through movement (goals 1 & 3 above).
2) Clinical research, examining 1) Implications of abnormal emotion recognition from bodily emotional expressions in specific populations, and 2) the effects of novel motor interventions on cognition and emotion (goal 2 above).
Under this line of research I have demonstrated that motor execution, observation and imagery of emotional movements can influence affective state (Shafir et al. 2013), and I have identified which motor characteristics are associated with each of the emotions happiness, sadness, fear and anger: Which motor characteristics enhance each emotion when incorporated in motor behavior (Shafir et al., 2016), are used to express each emotion, and are perceived as expressing that emotion (Melzer et al., 2019). Together with my colleague for this line of research, Rachelle Tsachor, we have also suggested how to use this knowledge in psychotherapy (Shafir 2016; Tsachor and Shafir 2017).
I have also started to develop automatic recognition of these movement characteristics using a Kinect camera (Bernstein et al., 2015 a, b), with the idea to develop it into a future diagnostic tool, based on people’s motor signature as expressed in secondary motor symptoms distinctive to certain disorders (e.g., autism, schizophrenia), as well as using it as a form of biofeedback for emotion regulation purposes.
Investigation of the relationship between one’s ability to recognize emotions from emotional bodily expressions and his/her kinesthetic ability and empathic ability.
A collaborative study with Prof. Robyn Cruze from Lesley University and Rachelle Tsachor from University of Illinois at Chicago, investigating the relationship between personality traits and personal movement patterns as depicted by LBMS (Laban/Bartenieff Movement System) movement components.
Emotion recognition from whole-body emotional expressions in elderly with Alzheimer Disease and its effect on their care giver’s burden: a collaboration with Prof. Perla Werner from the University of Haifa (Spitzer et al., 2019).
Effects of whole-body vibration stimulation on Depression: a collaboration with Richard Dopp, M.D. from the University of Michigan
Brain imaging of emotional movements.
Investigating underlying brain mechanisms for the effects of the Anat Baniel Method: Neuromovement
Investigating the effects of different motor interventions such as the Anat Baniel Method: Neuromovement and the “Quadrato Motor Training” on different populations.